Friday, January 11, 2019

Dow Theory Update for January 11: Stocks under primary bear market according to the “Rhea/Classical” Dow Theory since 12/10/2018


I am posting this article before the close of January 11th, 2019

On January 8th, 2019 I wrote that the primary trend according to Schannep’s Dow Theory turned bearish on 10/24/2018. The explanation in depth here.


Well, today we are going to discern the trend according to the “Rhea/classical” Dow Theory. As a reminder the “Rhea/classical” Dow Theory uses only two indices, the Industrials and the Transports and, with a certain degree of flexibility, require a somewhat longer time for a secondary reaction to be declared. A comparison between the two Dow Theory flavors here.


On August 31st, 2018 I wrote the according to the “Rhea/classical” Dow Theory the primary market was bullish. Both Schannep’s and the classical Dow Theory were in gear.

Here you have the chart I posted on August 31st, 2018. At that date the Industrials and Transports were rallying handsomely. 

At August 31st, 2018: Primary bull market as per the classical Dow Theory


On 9/14/2018 the Transports stalled. On 10/03/2018 the Industrials did also made their last highs on a closing basis. Thereafter a decline followed. As per Schanepp’s Dow Theory on 10/11/2018 a secondary reaction had been completed which later after a rally and subsequent decline resulted in the primary bear market signal of 10/24/2018. More about the entrails of that signal as per Schannep’s Dow Theory here


Here you have an updated chart:

On 12/10//2018 a primary bear market was signaled as per the "Rhea/classical" Dow Theory
However, under the classical Dow Theory no secondary reaction could be discerned as the Industrials had only declined 6 trading days and, at the very least and with a very generous interpretation, 10 trading days (2 weeks) are needed on a confirmed basis. All in all, the classical Dow Theory needed a more sustained decline.

The Transports and Industrials declined until 10/29/2018. The Industrials declined for 18 trading days. The Transports did so for 31 trading days. Hence, the time requirement of 2 or 3 weeks of confirmed decline required by the “Rhea/classical” Dow Theory was met. As to the extent requirement both indices declined much more than 3%. The spreadsheet below shows the extent of the secondary reaction

 

Thereafter both indices rallied for 7 trading days and more than 3% which set up stocks for a primary bear market signal.

The chart below displays the secondary reaction with orange rectangles on the right side. The rally that followed and setup stocks for the primary bear market is shown with blue rectangles.

On 11/23/2018 the Industrials violated their secondary reaction closing lows unconfirmed. On 12/10/2018 the Transports confirmed and hence a primary bear market was signaled.

We can see that, albeit the classical Dow Theory was not so timely declaring the change of trend as was Schannep’s, it did react soon enough to get investors out of the market before the big decline stared. More exactly, following the primary bear market signal the Industrials further declined by -10.77% and the Transports -12.72%. Furthermore, we still don’t know whether the final lows have been made and, thus, we could even witness more declines in which case the primary bear market would be reconfirmed.

Sincerely,
The Dow Theorist.

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Dow Theory Update for January 10: Gold and Silver miners ETFs under primary bull market since December 12th, 2018


GOLD AND SILVER MINERS EFTs

As I explained yesterday, the primary trend turned bullish on 12/18/2018. 

To recap: The primary trend was declared bearish on October 4th, 2016, as was explained here and here.

On 11/10/2017 SIL violated its primary bear market closing and GDX did not confirm. Lack of confirmation implied that the primary bear market has not been reconfirmed. On August 15th, 2018 GDX finally violated its December 15th, 2016 primary bear market lows. Thus, the primary bear market was reconfirmed. As I wrote when commenting GLD and SLV, please mind that this was not a signal to “sell”, as such a signal (the indication of the change of the trend from bullish to bearish) was already given on October 4th, 2016. The confirmed violation of the last recorded primary bear market lows merely indicated a reconfirmation of the existing trend.

Here you have the charts depicting the action since the end of 2016 until the post I wrote on August 31st, 2018, when precious metals were still under the grips of the bear market.

Situation at August 31st, 2018: Primary bear market


On 09/11/2018 both ETFs made their final lows. From such lows SIL rallied for 25 trading days (until 10/16/2018) and GDX for 30 trading days (until 10/23/2018), hence amply fulfilling the time requirement for a secondary reaction.

As to the extent requirement, the spreadsheet below contains relevant data:

 

As you can see, SIL rallied 9.52% and GDX 14.399% (rally off the 9/11/2018 primary bear market lows to the secondary reaction highs). Their volatility (measured as daily percentage price change averaged over 30 trading days) of both SLV and GLD slightly exceeded that of the SPY over the same period measured (which hints at consolidation, since normally SIL and GDX double the SPY’s volatility). The minimum volatility-adjusted movement amounted to 4.56% for SIL and 4.04% for GDX (reading taken on the date of the secondary reaction closing high). More about volatility adjusted movements here

Here you have the chart depicting the most recent action:

On 12/18/2018 a primary bull market was signaled
Therefore, the rally exceeded the minimum threshold to be meaningful and hence the extent requirement for the existence of a secondary reaction was also met (shown as blue rectangles on the right side of the chart) 


From the secondary reaction highs a pullback developed (orange rectangles on the right side of the chart). SIL violated its last primary bear market lows of 9/11/2018 whereas GDX refused to confirm. Hence the secondary reaction was not nullified by lower lows and the primary bear market was not reconfirmed. Evidently, the minimum percentage movement for the pullback was also met, as the pullback (at least for SIL) was larger than the previous secondary reaction. In addition to this, GDX also receded more than the minimum movement (at 11/13/2018 date when the pullback for GDX was arrested, the minimum volatility adjusted movement stood at 3.76%).

Once the pullback was completed we had the setup for a primary bull market signal.

On 12/7/2018 GDX broke up on a closing basis its secondary reaction high of 10/23/2018 unconfirmed by SIL. On 12/18/2018 SIL confirmed and, hence, a primary bull market was signaled.

As of this writing there is no sign of an impending secondary (bearish) reaction against the primary bull market.

By the way, this was a long primary bear market as it lasted more than 2 years.  More than 2 years of relentless decline on the “bear side” is a long stretch of time. The bear market had three secondary reactions. It is good to bear this aspect in mind as some market observers tend to narrowly focus on those occasional trades that last shorter than the average trade being oblivious to the fact that no one single trade is “average”. Some will be longer than average (as the current one) others will be shorter than average. Some will be big winners (as this one if we compute loss avoidance) and others may result in being whipsawed.

As with Gold and Silver, I like the bottoming action that has taken place. We are not dealing with a dubious secondary reaction which barely lasted 3 weeks. The longer time for the secondary reaction to “ripen “and its “line-like” (volatility compression) features (more market in GLD and SIL, truth be told) seem to imply accumulation and that the subsequent primary bull market signal has some “steam” to run. I have no idea as to price objectives but the charts seem to suggest that some upward movement is more likely than not. The unconfirmed violation by SIL of the primary bear market lows might also give more strength (weak hands washed out) to the ongoing rally. Let’ see and observe the markets.

Interesting piece of information: The subsequent decline following the primary bear market signal of 10/04/2016 until a bottom was made on 9/11/2018 was -43.48% for SIL. The subsequent decline following the primary bear market signal of 10/04/2016 until a bottom was made on 9/11/2018 was -24.91% for GDX. Given that the primary bull market signal was given for SIL at +9.52% off the primary bear market bottom “timing” the market resulted in bettering buy and hold (plus interests earned when being out of the market and risk avoided). On the other hand, given that the primary bull market signal was given for GDX at +14.39% off the primary bear market bottom “timing” the market would have resulted in bettering buy and hold too (further decline until bottom of -.24.91% versus an entry at +14.39% from the bear market lows). Clearly, the primary bear market that was signaled more than 2 years ago has resulted in a big loss avoidance. This is one of the trades that over time build outperformance versus buy and hold. Patience is key.

Sincerely,
The Dow Theorist